In addition to a physical examination and medical history, diagnostic procedures for malrotation and volvulus may include various imaging studies (tests that show pictures of the inside of your child's body). These tests are performed to evaluate the position of the intestine, and whether it is twisted or blocked. They may include:
abdominal x-ray - a diagnostic test that may show intestinal obstructions
barium swallow / upper GI test - a procedure performed to examine the intestine for abnormalities. A fluid called barium (a metallic, chemical, chalky, liquid used to coat the inside of organs so that they will show up on an x-ray) is swallowed. An x-ray of the abdomen may show an abnormal location for the small intestine, obstructions (blockages) and other problems.
- barium enema - a procedure performed to examine the intestine for abnormalities.